The components of physical fitness are flexibility, body fat composition, muscular endurance, muscular strength, and cardiovascular endurance. These five components are important for the body’s physical health to complete the health of an individual. You need to know these 5 physical fitness components definition before starting a workout routine.
6 Main Components of Physical Fitness
1. Body fat composition
This is referring to the amount of fat in the body. Men’s bodies must have a body composition of no more than 17 per cent. On the other hand, women’s bodies must not have a body fat composition of more than 24 per cent. The average percentage is 18%-24% for men and 25%-31% for women. For example, 45 kilograms person with a 25% body fat composition will have a body mass of 34 kilograms.
Although flexibility is one of the most important physical fitness components, it is often overlooked. The physical fitness components definition of flexibility is the quality of the body joints to move according to their capability. Flexibility pieces of training will give the body a good room to move through its entire range of motion without feeling any pain or stiffness. Do the sit and reach test to assess your flexibility.
3. Cardiovascular endurance
Cardiovascular endurance is the ability of one’s body to keep up with exercises such as running, swimming, cycling, and other exercises that force the cardiovascular system to work for a certain period. The cardiovascular system includes the lungs, heart, and blood vessels. Run as fast as possible for 12 minutes (the Cooper Run) to assess cardiovascular endurance.
4. Muscular endurance
Another physical fitness components definition you need to know is muscular endurance. Muscular endurance refers to the muscles’ ability to perform contractions at a certain time. Instead of lifting or carrying something only for a few seconds, increase the muscle endurance by using light weights in the 20 to 50 rep range. With this routine, the muscle fibres will be trained to have more endurance.
5. Muscular strength
Muscular strength means the “power” your muscles possess that helps you to lift and carry a heavy object. A body would be too weak and unable to keep up with the demands that are placed on the body if you have no muscular strength. Try to train with heavy weights and work in 4-6 reps or 12-15 rep ranges to increase muscular strength.
The last physical fitness component definitions you have to know is balance/stability. Balance or stability is referring to the ability of the body to maintain the centre of the mass body over the base of support. Training the body’s balance is simple, you can use simple programs such as not falling on a one feet wide board or standing on one leg while spreading the arms wide.
It is important to understand physical fitness components before starting a working routine. There are still other components but these 6 components are basic knowledge. By knowing and understanding the definition of physical fitness components, you will be able to find and perform the program that suits the needs of your body the most.
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